Bergmann, played in the film by young German actress Karoline Herfurth, returned to Germany and broke the German high-jump record ahead of the Olympics. Gender researchers have also taken an interest in the affair. But two years later, it emerged that Ratjen, who had a deep, gruff voice, was in fact male. For the past few days Dora Ratjen has also been a character in a movie that claims to tell the “true story” with only “minor deviations. The film has been called “interesting” by the German magazine Der Spiegel and placed in the category “play” with the German weekly Die Zeit. In his teens, Dora began competing successfully as a girl at sports, apparently being “too embarrassed to talk about what was happening to him”.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. E-mail this to a friend Printable version. In the early s, the teenage Bergmann was one of Germany’s most promising female track and field athletes. Germany is marking the th birthday of composer Felix Mendelssohn, an important figure in the revival of the music of Bach, with a first ever exhibition focusing on how the Nazis treated the two artists. Her roommate and sole competitor in talent is Marie Ketteler. This article needs additional citations for verification. Ratjen set a new world high jump record for women in but was disqualified after a doctor discovered he had strapped up his genitals.

For the past few days Dora Ratjen has also been a character in a movie that claims to tell the “true story” with only “minor deviations.

Marie, however, is really a man, by whom the Nazis want to attain the gold medal in high jump.

Retrieved 4 October BBC iD Sign in. People sometimes “poked fun” at her, Dora said, but all real female athletes had a deep, husky voice. Bergmann’s competition in the film is a fictional character based on Ratjen. Bergmann, who emigrated to the United States in and still lives there, said she herself had no idea. COM in 30 languages. The athlete’s father, Heinrich Ratjen, initially insisted that Dora should continue to be treated as female, but on 29 March wrote to the police chief of Bremen: In fact, unlike the film, Gretel Bergmann, as a young woman did not know her partner was really a man, but she learned it only inreading an article in Time.

Solar Panels or Solar Energy. Concerned the United States might boycott the Olympics, the Nazis pressured Bergmann to compete, making it clear her family left behind in Germany would suffer the consequences if she refused. Dora Ratjen who had been arrested at a train station on suspicion of being a man in a dress.


Called “Berlin ’36,” the film by German director Kaspar Heidelbach, tells the story of record-breaking Jewish high-jumper Gretel Bergmann who fled Nazi Germany in and emigrated to Britain.

In his teens, Dora began competing successfully as a girl at sports, apparently being “too embarrassed to talk about what was happening to him”. A common method is default to girl because its easier to remove tissue than try to build up.

1936 Berlin Olympics: How Dora the Man Competed in the Woman’s High Jump

Retrieved from ” https: Relief at Being Discovered. On her last trip as a woman, Dora Ratjen wore a gray two-piece, skin-colored tights, and light-colored ladies shoes.

Dora discovered a love of sport, joined Komet Bremen Athletics Club inand after graduating from high school she became a packer in a tobacco factory.

COM has chosen English as your language setting. Such variation may involve genital ambiguity, and combinations of chromosomal genotype and sexual phenotype other than XY-male and XX-female. Germany has requested the international athletics federation, via the Fachamt Leichtathletik in the DRL [bodies responsible for German sports], to erase the world record from the lists and remove the title of European champion. Marie and Gretel, the latter observing the contest as a spectator, exchange a secret happy smile, for their common opposition led to the defeat of the cruel Nazi ambitions and ideals.

This article needs additional citations for verification. She is replaced by Marie, the second best athlete. It was above all the feeling of embarrassment that prevented Ratjen, who had to shave every other day from her 18th year on to preserve her secret, doora revealing the truth.

The Jewish jumper and the male impostor. Public voting and a panel of experts are to decide on the winner. It portrays Ratjen as a tormented person who knows that he is not a woman but tries fearfully to hide the fact.

The German-born former athlete is best remembered for being prevented from competing in the Olympics in Berlin. Whereas Kaun and Ratjen were among the “chosen,” as fiml German press dubbed them, Bergmann was left out by the Nazis shortly before the start of the Games.


The film begins with original footage from the s showing the two high-jumpers. In “Berlin ’36” the Nazis go in search of a replacement for prospective gold-medalist Dorx, and in so doing find Ratjen, whom they send out to compete against women although they are fully aware he is a man.

Was Ratjen a hermaphrodite, a transvestite, or simply a boy whose sex had been incorrectly identified at birth? News categories Berlin Munich Hamburg Moreā€¦. After emigrating to the United States, Bergmann went on to win several more high-jumping titles. At the European Athletics Folm in the Austrian capital a few days earlier, rtjen had won gold for the German Reich, clearing the high-jump bar at 1.

Mug shots were taken, the details of the case were noted down, preliminary proceedings were initiated, and Ratjen was charged on suspicion of fraud. They found each other ten years later on Facebook.

Berlin 36 – Wikipedia

So Marie decides to deliberately lose the final and decisive leap. However it contains not the slightest shred of evidence of the alleged plot. Eventually, she emigrated to New York in with the equivalent of four dollars in her pocket. Search Germany’s news in English. Business Instant payments finally gaining traction in Germany The midwife reported the newborn to the head of the parish council and the pastor, and the child was duly christened Dora.

New film tells story of Olympic gender trick in Nazi Germany – The Local

The real drama of the life of Dora Ratjen began in a house in Erichshof near Bremen. Ratjen pulled out an ID card from the European Championships, but the officer wasn’t satisfied. Please turn on JavaScript. She is fikm in the German Olympic high jump team, seemingly with the same rights as the other athletes in the training camp. And she made a second trip to her hometown Laupheim in southwestern Germany when a stadium there was named after her. Now we’ve reunited them in Lisbon.

Instead, her “weird” room-mate Dora Ratjen competed. This page was last edited on 4 Novemberat E-mail this to a friend Printable version.